Wood Engraving & Woodcut: Both Wood Engraving & Woodcut Woodcuts were introduced to Europe in the early fifteenth century (the earliest European woodcut is the "Brussels Madonna" of 1418), but were executed in the Orient as early as the ninth century. The use of woodcuts was spread by the inventions of moveable type and of the printing press in the 1450s. Wood engraving was developed in England in the early eighteenth century, firmly established in Europe by Thomas Berwick at the end of that century, and popularized in America during the Civil War.

Basically in this process Artist works an image or matrix of images into a block of wood. Functionally a variety of woodcut, it uses relief printing, where the artist applies ink to the face of the block and prints using relatively low pressure. By contrast, ordinary engraving, like etching, uses a metal plate for the matrix, and is printed by the intaglio method, where the ink fills the valleys, the removed areas. As a result, wood engravings deteriorate less quickly than copper-plate engravings, and have a distinctive white-on-black character.

Here is an attached image of engraving print in 1657 by using woodcut/wood-engraving process.